Galactic flashback: 8 billion-year-old radio explosion reveals global secrets

Mysterious Signal Space Concept Art Illustration

In a recent study in SciencesResearchers have discovered the most distant and oldest fast radio burst (FRB) to date, about eight billion years old. This discovery confirms that fast radio bursts can identify “missing” matter between galaxies.

Astronomers have identified the oldest and most distant fast radio burst (FRB) to date, around eight billion years old, supporting theories about FRBs and their ability to reveal “lost” matter between galaxies. This discovery promises more insights into the structure of the universe with future telescopic developments.

In a paper published in Sciences, An international team led by Dr Stuart Ryder from Macquarie University and Swinburne University of Technology Associate Professor Ryan Shannon, report on their discovery of the oldest and most distant fast radio burst found to date, approximately eight billion years old.

This discovery breaks the team’s previous record by 50 percent. He asserts that fast radio bursts (FRBs) can be used to measure “missing” matter between galaxies.

The source of the explosion turned out to be a cluster of two or three galaxies merging, supporting current theories about the cause of fast radio bursts. The team also showed that it goes back eight billion years as far back as we can expect to see and pinpoint with current telescopes.

Impression of the quick record-breaking artist

This artist’s impression (not scale) shows the path of fast radio burst FRB 20220610A, from the distant galaxy where it originated all the way to Earth, in one of the Milky Way’s spiral arms. The source galaxy of FRB 20220610A, identified thanks to the European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope, appears to lie within a small group of interacting galaxies. It’s so far away, it took eight billion years for its light to reach us, making FRB 20220610A the farthest fast radio burst found to date. Credit: iso/m. Kornmesser

Detection of the explosion and its importance

On June 10, 2022,

CSIRO stands for Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization. It is Australia’s national science agency and one of the largest research agencies in the world. CSIRO conducts research in a wide range of areas, including agriculture, health, energy and the environment, and aims to use its research to deliver economic, environmental and social benefits for Australia and the world. <فئة القسم="text-gray-400 flex self-end lg:المركز الذاتي ضبط مركز mt-2 فجوة-4 lg:gap-1 lg:absolute lg:top-0 lg:translate-x-full lg:right-0 lg: MT-0 LG:PL-2 مرئية">

“gt-data-translation-attributes=”[“attribute”:”data-cmtooltip”, “format”:”html”]”>CSIROWajarri Yamaji Country Company’s ASKAP radio telescope was used to detect a fast radio burst, created in a cosmic event that released, in milliseconds, the equivalent of our Sun’s total emission over 30 years.

“Using the ASKAP array of dishes, we were able to pinpoint the source of the explosion,” says Dr. Ryder, first author of the paper. “Then we used the European Southern Observatory (

Established in 1962, the European Southern Observatory (ESO) is an intergovernmental research organization involving 16 countries in the field of ground-based astronomy. Its official name is the European Organization for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere.

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Very large telescope
The Very Large Telescope (VLT) array is a visible and infrared telescope facility operated by the European Southern Observatory on Cerro Paranal in the Atacama Desert in northern Chile. It is the most advanced optical instrument in the world, consisting of four unit telescopes with main mirrors of 8.2 meters in diameter and four moving auxiliary telescopes of 1.8 meters in diameter.

“gt-data-translation-attributes=”[“attribute”:”data-cmtooltip”, “format”:”html”]”>Very large telescope (VLT) in Chile to search for the source galaxy, finding that it is older and more distant than any other FRB found so far, and is likely within a small group of merging galaxies.

This explosion was named FRB 20220610A, and it reconfirmed the concept of the weight of the universe using data from FRBs. This was first proven by the late Australian astronomer Jean-Pierre “JP” Macquart in a research paper published in nature In 2020.

“GB showed that the farther away the fast radio burst is, the more gas spreads between galaxies,” says Dr. Ryder. “This is now known as the Macquart relationship. Some recent fast radio bursts appear to have broken this relationship. Our measurements confirm that the Macquart relationship applies far beyond half the known universe.”

Fast radio burst detection

Artist’s impression of a fast radio explosion and the tools used to detect and locate it. Source: Carl Knox (Osgraph/Swinburne University)

Fast radio bursts and the structure of the universe

About 50 FRBs have been identified to date, about half of them using ASKAP. The authors suggest that we should be able to spot thousands of them across the sky, and at greater distances.

“Although we still don’t know what causes these massive bursts of energy, the paper confirms that fast radio bursts are common events in the universe and that we will be able to use them to detect intergalactic matter, and better understand the structure of galaxies.” universe,” says Associate Professor Shannon.

We will soon have the tools to do this. ASKAP is currently the best radio telescope for detecting and locating FRBs. The SKA international telescopes now under construction in Western Australia and South Africa will be better at allowing astronomers to locate older, more distant fast radio bursts. The roughly 40-meter-long mirror of the European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope, currently under construction in Chile’s high, dry desert, will then be needed to study the source galaxies.

Very large telescope

The Very Large Telescope, or VLT, located at the Paranal Observatory in Chile’s Atacama Desert. This stunning image of the VLT is painted in sunset colors and reflected in the water on the platform. Source: A. Gezi Panizza/ESO

Collaborative effort and future prospects

The project was a global effort involving researchers from ASTRON (Netherlands), Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaíso (Chile), Kavli Institute for Cosmic Physics and Mathematics (Japan), SKA Observatory (UK),

Northwestern University
Founded in 1851, Northwestern University (NU) is a private research university headquartered in Evanston, Illinois, United States. Northwestern University is known for its McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science, Kellogg School of Management, Feinberg School of Medicine, Pritzker School of Law, Pennine College of Music, and Medill School of Journalism.

“gt-data-translation-attributes=”[“attribute”:”data-cmtooltip”, “format”:”html”]”>Northwestern UniversityUniversity of California, Berkeley, and University of California, Santa Cruz (USA).

The Australian participants were Macquarie University, Swinburne University of Technology, CSIRO,

Established in 2009, the International Center for Radio Astronomy Research (ICRAR) is an equal joint venture between Curtin University and the University of Western Australia. ICRAR attracts researchers in radio astronomy, contributing to the Australian and international scientific and technical programs of the international Square Kilometer Array (SKA) project.

“gt-data-translation-attributes=”[“attribute”:”data-cmtooltip”, “format”:”html”]”>Repeat/ Curtin University, ASTRO 3D, and

University of Sydney
The University of Sydney is a public research university located in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Founded in 1850, it is Australia’s oldest university and is consistently ranked among the world’s top universities. The University of Sydney has a strong focus on research and offers a wide range of undergraduate and postgraduate programs across a variety of disciplines, including arts, business, engineering, law, medicine and science.

“gt-data-translation-attributes=”[“attribute”:”data-cmtooltip”, “format”:”html”]”>University of Sydney.

Current methods for estimating the mass of the universe give conflicting answers and challenge the standard model of cosmology.

“If we count the amount of natural matter in the universe – the atoms of which we are all composed – more than half of what should be there today is missing,” says Associate Professor Shannon.

“We think the missing matter is hiding in intergalactic space, but it may be so hot and diffuse that it is impossible to see using normal techniques.

“Fast radio bursts sense this ionized matter. Even in space that is almost completely empty, they can ‘see’ all the electrons, and this allows us to measure the amount of stuff that exists between galaxies.

ASKAP Radio Telescope

The ASKAP radio telescope at the Murchison Radio Astronomy Observatory in Western Australia. Credit: © Alex Cherny/CSIRO

Telescope infrastructure and future endeavors

CSIRO’s ASKAP radio telescope is located at Inyarrimanha Ilgari Bundara, the CSIRO Murchison radio astronomy observatory in Western Australia, about 800 kilometers north of Perth.

Currently, there are 16 partner countries in the SKA Observatory, which is building two radio telescopes. SKA-Low (Low Frequency Telescope) – in the same location as ASKAP – will include 131,072 two-meter antennas, while SKA-Mid (Medium Frequency Telescope) in South Africa will include 197 dishes.

The Very Large Telescope (VLT) has four eight-meter mirrors and is operated by the European Southern Observatory (ESO), located on Cerro Paranal in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile. Australia is a strategic partner of the European Southern Observatory, giving Australian astronomers access to the VLT and the opportunity to contribute new techniques to it.

Australian astronomers also hope to have access to the European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope when it becomes operational later this decade. The ELT will be able to deliver images that are 15 times sharper than those of

Hubble Space Telescope
The Hubble Space Telescope (often referred to as Hubble or HST) is one of NASA’s great observatories and was launched into low Earth orbit in 1990. It is one of the largest and most versatile space telescopes and features a 2.4-meter diameter mirror and four main instruments that observe areas Ultraviolet, visible, and near infrared rays of the electromagnetic spectrum. It is named after astronomer Edwin Hubble.

“gt-data-translation-attributes=”[“attribute”:”data-cmtooltip”, “format”:”html”]”> Hubble Space Telescope.

For more information about this research, see Astronomers detect a fast radio burst 8 billion light-years away.

Reference: “Fast, luminous radio burst probes the universe at redshift 1” by S. D. Ryder, K. W. Bannister, S. Bhandari, AT Deller, RD Ekers, M. Glowacki, A. C. Gordon, K. Gourdji, C. W. James, CD Kilpatrick, W. Lu , L. Marnoch, V. A. Moss, J. Sciences.
doi: 10.1126/science.adf2678

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